Fluvial Geomorphology

Flume Observations

Module 6 Flume Observations: Fluvial Geomorphic Processes

See Corresponding Learning Module

The Set-Up

We went played with my lab’s demonstration flume. It is an EM-River EM2 Stream Table, which is a 1.9 m x 0.8 m flume that can recirculate about 100 L of water. Geology has been kind enough to let us leave this set up in their Geology 101 Lab, where most of you got to cycle through and play with the experiment.

Purpose

The purpose of the experiment was to give you first hand, observational experience of fluvial geomorphic processes. While the process of storage (of sediment) is quite easy to observe in the field, being able to observe erosion, deposition and sediment transport in real-time, as well as watch the resulting geomorphic (topographic) changes is difficult. The flume speeds up time and scales down space in a way that makes it easy to observe these processes first hand. This also will help you in reading Chapter 6 on “Sediment movement and deposition in river systems”.

The Assignment

Please create a web page on your web site (submit URL to that page). On that page, you will define and/or explain each of the concepts below with text (1-3 sentences) and illustrate your observation of them. Your ‘illustration” can use video(s) with narration and or labels, and/or photos with annotations. If helpful, feel free to hyperlink to other resources.

I would suggest using the numbers below to organize your page into headings and sub-headings, and make sure you h

Concepts to Illustrate & Explain

1. Flume Controls

How do you control the following with the flume:

  • 1.1 Q (Water Discharge)
  • 1.2 S (Slope)
  • 1.3 Qs (Sediment Discharge)
  • 1.4 Profile
  • 1.5 Base Level

2. Fluvial Geomorphic Processes

Simulate and record your observations of:

  • 2.1 Bed Erosion
  • 2.2 Bank Erosion
  • 2.3 Deposition
  • 2.4 Sediment Transport

3. Fluvial Geomorphic Mechanisms

Simulate and record your observations of the specific manifestation of fluvial geomorphic processes as these mechanisms of adjustment:

  • 3.1 Grain Size Sorting
  • 3.2 Meandering
  • 3.3 Braiding
  • 3.4 Avulsion
  • 3.5 Chute Dissection
  • 3.6 Structural Forcing

Answer (in up to a paragraph or so and with illustrations if helpful):

  • 3.7 While meandering can be observed, were you able to produce a classic single-thread, meandering channel in any of your experiments? If so, explain how it occurred, if not, do you think it is possible with the controls you had at your disposal in this flume?

4. Events

Simulate and record your observations of three specific events::

  • 4.1 Small Flood
  • 4.2 Big Flood
  • 4.3 Channel Realignment (Grading)

Answer (in up to a paragraph or so and with illustrations if helpful):

  • 4.4 From what you did, what seems to be the roll/impact of small flood vs. big flood?
  • 4.5 In your experimentation, did you observe overbank flows, bankfull flows and/or baseflow flows?
  • 4.6 What role did hyporehic flow play in what you observed?
  • 4.7 What roll did recession limb flows seem to play in what you observed?

Resources

Album

Here is a shared Google Album. If any of your pictures or videos didn’t capture everything you need above, you can borrow from here. Please feel free to contribute and share your own. Others may see different things in the same videos!

GoPro Videos

Some videos Joe took:

Recipe for a Meandering River

We mentioned the following in discussion:

This was experimental work Christian Braudrick did and his featured in this article:

See this Physics.org article for a video. I could not find the NPR version of the video.

The work in the NPR article of Christian was based off of earlier work by Michal Tal (Tal and Paoloa, 2007). Here’s one of her experiments: